It has been said that a writer’s style is a reflection of their personality, a unique voice and a way of approaching the readers.

Writers have different reasons for writing.  A writer might want to explain how something works, persuade you agree with them on a matter, or let you experience something that they have experienced. There are many writing styles, but we have four general ones: descriptive, expository, persuasive, and narrative. We will begin with expository writing.

The main purpose of expository writing is to explain, illuminate or expose. It tells the facts as they are. It is a subject-oriented writing style where authors focus on telling you about a given topic or subject without voicing their personal opinions. They present relevant data in a logical order or sequence. Examples of expository writing are:

  • Textbook writing
  • Newspapers and magazine articles
  • Encyclopaedia articles
  • Recipes
  • How-to articles
  • News stories (not including opinion or editorial pieces)
  • Business, technical, or scientific writing etc.

In expository writing, it is important to write with the assumption that the reader or audience has little or no background knowledge about your intended topic. The reader must always feel like they have  learned something after reading.

The main features include:

  • Informative: – Expository text is meant to provide information
  • Clarity: – Use words that show clearly, what the author is talking about.
  • Organization of the text: – A well-written exposition remains focused on its topic and lists events in chronological order.
  • Impersonal: – Instructions should be in the second person. Avoid any use of first person pronouns.
  • Unbiased: – Expository essays will not overtly reveal the opinion of the writer.

E.g. If you wanted to describe what chocolate chip cookies are like using an expository style, you might write:

Chocolate chip cookies are one of the most popular desserts in the world. They can be either crispy or soft and have a sweet smell to them reminiscent of a bakery. They taste rich and melt in your mouth. When they bake, they ‘wrinkle’ up in the oven, and the combination of the nooks and crannies in the dough with the chocolate chips on top make them hard to resist. (study.com)

These sentences have aptly described chocolate chip cookies using sight, smell, taste and touch.


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